Most women with acne are found to have polycystic ovaries on high resolution pelvic ultrasonography, but most of these women do not manifest the other classical clinical characteristics of the polycystic ovary syndrome. We have compared the endocrinological profile of women with acne who were found to have polycystic ovaries with that of women with polycystic ovaries who presented to an endocrine clinic with hirsutes or non-dermatological manifestations of the polycystic-ovary syndrome. The group of women with acne had normal serum hormonal concentrations. Unlike other women with polycystic ovaries, they did not have significantly elevated serum concentrations of luteinizing hormone or testosterone. By clinical and endocrinological criteria, patients with acne who have polycystic ovaries appear to be a distinct sub-population of women with polycystic ovaries.
Bunker CB, Newton JA, Conway GS, Jacobs HS, Greaves MW, Dowd PM