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Nodulocystic acne and hidradenitis suppurativa treated with acitretin

Abstract

Nodulocystic acne is a dermatologic disease that can result in significant damage to the skin of the face, chest, and back. Hidradenitis suppurativa is a scarring disease of the skin that causes deep cysts and abscesses on the axillae and anogenital areas. We review a case of a patient with severe nodulocystic facial acne and hidradenitis suppurativa that was treated with 2 full courses of isotretinoin. Although the patient’s condition improved, some draining cysts persisted on the face and groin. Because of the inability of isotretinoin to achieve long-term remission of the patient’s condition, acitretin was considered as a possible maintenance drug. The patient was almost completely improved after 5 months’ therapy with acitretin, which also was effectively used for ongoing maintenance. Acitretin may be a promising treatment for severe nodulocystic acne and hidradenitis suppurativa, which require long-term suppression when isotretinoin fails to give long-term remission.

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About Dr. J. Kim

Dr Kim developed (and is continuing to develop) dermatology research news as we way from dermatologists to stay on top of the latest advances in the field of dermatology.

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