Home / Acne / Inhibitors of steroid 5 alpha-reductase in benign prostatic hyperplasia, male pattern baldness and acne.

Inhibitors of steroid 5 alpha-reductase in benign prostatic hyperplasia, male pattern baldness and acne.

PMID: 2482561  

Benign prostatic hyperplasia is an androgen-dependent disease which afflicts a large percentage of males over the age of fifty, and is usually treated by surgery. Dihydrotestosterone, a 5 alpha-reduced metabolite of testosterone, has been implicated as a causative factor in the progression of the disease, largely through the clinical study of males who are genetically deficient in the dihydrotestosterone-producing enzyme, steroid 5 alpha-reductase. As a result, inhibition of this enzyme has become a pharmacological strategy for the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia as well as other dihydrotestosterone-related disorders such as acne and male pattern baldness. In this review, Brian Metcalf and colleagues focus on the chemical and kinetic mechanisms of steroid 5 alpha-reductase, and known inhibitors of this enzyme, and discuss the rationale behind the design of a mechanistically distinct class of steroid 5 alpha-reductase inhibitors.

Metcalf BW,  Levy MA,  Holt DA

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